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999 West Dundee Road
Wheeling, Illinois 60090

Phone: 847-537-8270

Superintendent: Dr. Michael Connolly

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School District 21 prides itself on its Professional Learning Community and its rich tradition of professional collaboration, high levels of professional development, and family-like atmosphere. If you see the opportunity to work with colleagues in making a difference in the lives of students and families in a truly diverse setting, School District 21 seeks your application.

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Sixth Grade

Our World: Patterns of Change

Essential Understandings, Power Standards, and Guiding Questions

Essential Understanding: Patterns and models provide organization for interpreting and predicting events and issues.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast the development of ancient political systems and make connections to present day political systems (e.g., Greek democracy, Roman republic, feudalism).
    • Demonstrate an understanding of how technological advances affect economic systems.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How do historical documents and artifacts help to predict and interpret events and issues?
    • How have models influenced the growth of economic systems?
    • How have the patterns of social organization changed over time?
    • How do humans commonly adapt to physical and social change?

 

Essential Understanding: People’s needs, beliefs, and actions may influence the development of human systems.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast the development of ancient political systems and make connections to present day political systems (e.g., Greek democracy, Roman republic, feudalism).
    • Demonstrate an understanding of how technological advances affect economic systems.
    • Compare and contrast the social structure of Western and non-Western cultures today and in the past.
  • Guiding Questions
  • Political Systems
    • How does a civilization’s government reflect the needs and beliefs of the people?
    • Why do civilizations tend to rise and fall throughout history?
    • How are Eastern and Western political characteristics similar?
    • How does government impact social and economic systems?
    • How did European political systems and ideas affect the development of government in the United States?
  • Economic Systems
    • How does a civilization’s economic system reflect the needs and beliefs of the people?
    • How does the economic system impact social and government systems?
    • How are early economic systems similar to economic systems today?
  • Social Systems
    • How do individuals and groups contribute to the development of social systems?
    • How have diverse groups contributed to social systems over time?
    • How do social systems maintain a balance between unity and diversity?
    • How does change within a system cause conflict?
    • Why do social systems remain the same or change over time?

 

Essential Understanding: Systems form interdependent relationships.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast the development of ancient political systems and make connections to present day political systems (e.g., Greek democracy, Roman republic, feudalism).
    • Demonstrate an understanding of how technological advances affect economic systems.
    • Compare and contrast the social structure of Western and non-Western cultures today and in the past.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How do the parts of a government affect the whole?
    • How do the parts of an economic system influence the economy as a whole?
    • How do individuals and groups interact within social institutions?
    • How do economic and trade systems and patterns develop?
    • How do culture, beliefs and values affect economic, political, social and environmental systems?
    • How do economic, political, social and environmental systems impact each other?

 

Essential Understanding: Conflict occurs over what systems should be in place.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast the development of ancient political systems and make connections to present day political systems (e.g., Greek democracy, Roman republic, feudalism).
    • Demonstrate an understanding of how technological advances affect economic systems.
    • Compare and contrast the social structure of Western and non-Western cultures today and in the past.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How and why have systems changed through time?
    • How have different societies developed through the use of different systems?
    • How does change within a system cause conflict?
    • How can the relationship between societies and other groups lead to conflict over systems?

 

Essential Understanding: Characteristics of culture are reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions, and institutions.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast the social structure of Western and non-Western cultures today and in the past.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How and why is culture transmitted?
    • How do beliefs, values, and religion impact the characteristics of a culture?
    • Why does a civilization’s culture change over time?

 

Essential Understanding: The interaction of human and physical systems may result in positive or negative change.

  • Power Standards
    • Describe how people adapt to and interact with their environment and the resulting impact of this interaction.
    • Explain how people use absolute locations, relative location, human characteristics, and physical characteristics to analyze and navigate the earth.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How does exploration lead to change?
    • What impact does the environment have on humans?
    • What impact do humans have on the environment?
    • How are natural resources used throughout the world?
    • What are the patterns found in the use the resources?
    • What factors influence demographics?
    • How does cooperation and conflict among people affect the division and control of the earth’s surface?

Essential Understanding: Interactions between individuals and groups impact a society.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast the development of ancient political systems and make connections to present day political systems (e.g., Greek democracy, Roman republic, feudalism).
    • Compare and contrast the social structure of Western and non-Western cultures today and in the past.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How do individuals and groups interact within social institutions?
    • How do individuals and groups contribute to the development of social institutions in a society?
    • How do social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture?
    • How are social institutions and the individuals and groups within them interdependent?
    • What leads to conflict, cooperation, and interdependence among groups, societies, and nations?

 

Essential Understanding: Diversity within a social system impacts human action and interaction.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast the social structure of Western and non-Western cultures today and in the past.
    • Describe how people adapt to and interact with their environment and the resulting impact of this interaction.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How do cultural beliefs and values guide people and their actions?
    • What is the relationship between the economy and social issues?
    • Why do economic systems develop and change over time?
    • What motivates people to move from one place to another?
    • How do regional changes affect people’s lives?

Critical Content

Concepts

Interaction and Movement

 

 

Critical Content

Patterns of Settlement:  Why we settle?

 

Environmental Systems

  • Themes of Geography
    • Geographic markers and boundaries
    • Patterns of resources
  • Climate patterns
  • Physical features

 

River Systems and Land Forms

  • Fertile Crescent – Tigress-Euphrates
  • Other great rivers: e.g. Mississippi, Amazon, Nile, Indus
  • Settlement/migration patterns
  • Hunters/gatherers – Agrarian communities

Social Systems: Cultural Patterns

Global Perspectives

  • Transmission of cultures past, present, and future including:
    • Family
    • Language
    • Caste/class systems
    • Traditions
    • Education
    • Literature & the arts  (historical & political documents)
    • Beliefs & values
    • Religion

Regional Studies

  • Interactions of individuals and groups
  • Social institutions

Economic Systems – Patterns of Survival

Economics and Survival – Basic Economic Systems

  • Specialization of labor
  • Money systems
  • Caste/class systems
  • Tools, machinery, and technology
  • Economic and trade patterns
    • European
    • Asian
    • North, South and Meso-America

Political Systems – Leadership Patterns

Political Systems – Ancient Times, Middle Ages, Present Day

  • Origins of Western political ideas and institutions and democracy
    (Greece/ Rome, Han dynasty and Gupta empire and U.S.)
  • Feudalism  (Han Dynasty/Gupta empire & European Middle Ages)
    • City-states
    • Magna Carta
  • Monarchy/Oligarchy  (Egypt or Maya or Aztec & Europe)
  • City-state/Nation-state

Decline of Political Systems: Why aren’t we all Roman?

  • Causes and effects (e.g. Roman Empire, Greece)