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999 West Dundee Road
Wheeling, Illinois 60090

Phone: 847-537-8270

Superintendent: Dr. Michael Connolly

School Board & Administration


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Language Arts

Reading Foundations

Critical Content

Power Standards

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words in order to read and comprehend grade-level texts with purpose and understanding. (RF 2.3, 2.4)

 

Power Standards Critical Content

In the language of instruction, students will…

  • Identify and distinguish the most common short (CVC) and long vowel (CVCE and VCE) patterns in words
  • Correctly identify and pronounce common vowel teams (ea, oi, oo)
  • Identify and decode two-syllable words with long vowels
  • Identify and decode words with common prefixes and suffixes by breaking them into units of meaning (e.g., un + happy = unhappy)
  • Identify words with similar patterns that create different sounds (bead/head, doll/roll, hint/pint)
  • Read irregularly spelled words without having to sound them out (rule breakers)
  • Read second grade text fluently (easy, smooth and automatic) and show comprehension
  • Self-correct misunderstood words using context clues and reread with corrections when necessary

 

Concept-Based Connections

Essential Understandings

  • Understanding the features, structures, and characteristics of print can facilitate the reader’s ability to make meaning of the text.
  • Fluency helps the reader process language for meaning and enjoyment.

 

Factual Guiding Questions

  • How do sounds and letters create words?
  • When a word doesn’t make sense, what can one do?
  • What do effective readers do?

 

Conceptual Guiding Questions

  • Can fluency affect comprehension?
  • How does expression affect comprehension?

 

Engaging/Debatable Guiding Questions

  • Does fluency matter?

 

Language Considerations

Language General Transfer-Students must draw upon the following…

Reading as a process

  • Understanding speech-print relationships
  • Concepts of words, syllables, sentences and paragraphs
  • Rule governed aspects of reading
  • Recognizing emotions
  • Visual discrimination

 

Non-cognitive transfer

  • Attention
  • Listening
  • Concentration
  • Persistence
  • Task Completion

 

Self-esteem transfer

  • Being literate
  • Feeling capable
  • Possessing specific competencies
  • Achieving
  • Believing in one’s ability to learn

 

Common among all languages

  • Develop Oral Language
  • Match speech to print
  • Contextualized literacy instruction
  • Meaningful
  • Active
  • Comparative
  • Recurrent

 

English language specific

  • Consonant blends, long-vowel patterns and short-vowel patterns

 

Spanish language specific

  • Noun, adjective and article are gender specific
  • Word order
  • Irregular verbs
  • Formal/informal tense
  • Dialects

 

English language development

  • Contextualized phonics instruction
  • Scaffold comprehension strategies
  • Multiple readings
    • Set purpose
    • Read for understanding
    • Read for accuracy/expression

 

Russian language specific

  • Recognize and name all upper and lower case letters of the Cyrillic alphabet
  • Distinguish soft and hard vowels when reading regularly spelled multi-syllable words
  • Demonstrate the knowledge of irregular spelling and reading rules
  • Vowels controls sound hard/soft (e.g., g/c)
  • Decode works with common prefixes and suffixes

 

Polish language specific

  • Polish alphabet (vowels and consonants)
  • Digraphs
  • Hard vs. soft sounds
  • Syllabication
  • Accents
  • Seven types of verb conjugations
  • All parts of speech can be conjugated:
    • Gender (feminine, masculine, neutral)
    • Number (singular or plural)
    • Case
  • Dipthongs
  • Vowel combinations
  • Orthography
  • Specific rules for words with: Ó, u, rz, ż, ch, h, ą, ę, om, em, en, nie
  • Polish specific punctuation:
    • Commas
    • Quotation marks
  • Distinguish between formal and informal language usage

 

Assessments

Informal Assessments are used during the process of brainstorming, drafting, revision and editing or class discussions.

In the language of instruction students will participate in…

  • Anecdotal records reflecting the students ability to:
    • Decode and use short vowel patterns
    • Decode and use long vowel patterns
    • Decode and use common vowel teams
    • Use two-syllable words
    • Recognize and use irregularly spelled words
    • Self-correct misread or misunderstood words using context clues

 

Formal Assessments are used as a measure of student achievement towards mastery of a skill and Power Standard. Often a formal assessment will result in a grade.

In the language of instruction students will participate in…

  • DRA2 (English) or EDL2 (Spanish)
  • MAP