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999 West Dundee Road
Wheeling, Illinois 60090

Phone: 847-537-8270

Superintendent: Dr. Michael Connolly

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Seventh Grade

Movement of Goods, People, and Ideas

Essential Understandings, Power Standards, and Guiding Questions

Essential Understanding: Patterns and models provide organization for interpreting and predicting events and issues. (Note: Patterns are “discovered” in events over time. Models are “built” or “constructed” purposefully.)

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast how societal and political change impact economic systems.
    • Explain how changes in economic and political systems influenced subsequent historical events (e.g., Industrial Revolution, Great Depression business cycle) and make connections to present day economy.
    • Describe the causes and consequences of mass migrations of people and analyze the significance of diversity in the social history of the United States.
    • Explain how the environment, economy and society can be affected by the availability, management, distribution, and consumption of resources.
    • Develop maps and flowcharts based on the analysis of movement (e.g., groups of people, commodities).
  • Guiding Questions
    • How do historical documents and artifacts help to predict and interpret events and issues?
    • How have models influenced the growth of economic systems?
    • How have the patterns of movement changed over time?

 

Essential Understanding: The ability of societies to provide for the needs and wants of people depends upon availability, management, distribution, and consumption of resources.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast how societal and political change impact economic systems.
    • Explain how changes in economic and political systems influenced subsequent historical events (e.g., Industrial Revolution, Great Depression business cycle) and make connections to present day economy.
    • Explain how the environment, economy and society can be affected by the availability, management, distribution, and consumption of resources.
    • Develop maps and flowcharts based on the analysis of movement (e.g., groups of people, commodities).
  • Guiding Questions
    • What are the effects of choice and competition on consumers, producers and the economy as a whole?
    • What are the effects of various incentives to produce a good or service?
    • How do market prices signal producers about what, how and how much to produce?
    • What is the relationship between productivity and wages?
    • What is the relationship between the cost of a product to the consumer versus the cost of the product to the producer?
    • How does unemployment affect the economy of a nation?
    • How do global issues affect human and physical resources?
    • What is the role of international and multinational organizations in the global arena?
    • How do human and physical resources affect economic interdependence?

 

Essential Understanding: Peoples’ needs, beliefs, and actions may cause change within a system.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast how societal and political change impact economic systems.
    • Explain how changes in economic and political systems influenced subsequent historical events (e.g., Industrial Revolution, Great Depression business cycle) and make connections to present day economy.
    • Describe the causes and consequences of mass migrations of people and analyze the significance of diversity in the social history of the United States.
    • Explain how the environment, economy and society can be affected by the availability, management, distribution, and consumption of resources.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How and why have systems changed through time?
    • How have different societies developed through the use of different systems?
      How does change within a system cause conflict?
    • How can the relationship between societies and other groups lead to conflict over systems?
    • How does trade impact economy?
    • What are the effects of increasing and declining imports and exports to an individual and the nation’s economy as a whole?
    • How does specialization and advanced technology influence trade?

 

Essential Understanding: Human and environmental interaction may lead to positive and/or negative change.

  • Power Standards
    • Describe the causes and consequences of mass migrations of people and analyze the significance of diversity in the social history of the United States.
    • Explain how the environment, economy and society can be affected by the availability, management, distribution, and consumption of resources.
    • Develop maps and flowcharts based on the analysis of movement (e.g., groups of people, commodities).
  • Guiding Questions
    • How is human activity affected by geographic factors?
    • How are geographic factors affected by human activity?
    • How are natural resources used throughout the world?
    • What are the patterns found in the use of resources?
    • How have geographic factors influenced settlement patterns?

 

Essential Understanding: Economic and political systems are interdependent.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast how societal and political change impact economic systems.
    • Explain how changes in economic and political systems influenced subsequent historical events (e.g., Industrial Revolution, Great Depression business cycle) and make connections to present day economy.
  • Guiding Questions
    • What motivates people to move from one place to another?
    • What is the relationship between economic, political, and social issues?
    • How do diverse perspectives affect actions and interactions?
    • What impact do different types of taxes have on the economy of a nation?
    • How do laws and government policies influence the function of an economy?

 

Essential Understanding: The interaction of human and physical systems may result in positive or negative change.

  • Power Standards
    • Describe the causes and consequences of mass migrations of people and analyze the significance of diversity in the social history of the United States.
    • Explain how the environment, economy and society can be affected by the availability, management, distribution, and consumption of resources.
    • Develop maps and flowcharts based on the analysis of movement (e.g., groups of people, commodities).
  • Guiding Questions
    • How does exploration lead to change?
    • What impact does the environment have on humans?
    • What impact do humans have on the environment?
    • How are natural resources used throughout the world?
    • What are the patterns found in the use the resources?
    • What factors influence demographics?
    • How does cooperation and conflict among people affect the division and control of the earth’s surface?

Essential Understanding: Diversity within a social system impacts human action and interaction.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast how societal and political change impact economic systems.
    • Describe the causes and consequences of mass migrations of people and analyze the significance of diversity in the social history of the United States.
  • Guiding Questions
    • How does trade lead to conflict among groups, societies and nations?
    • How do differing interpretations lead to conflict?
    • How do differing political, economic, and social policies lead to conflict?

 

Essential Understanding: Interactions between individuals and groups impact a society.

  • Power Standards
    • Compare and contrast how societal and political change impact economic systems.
    • Explain how changes in economic and political systems influenced subsequent historical events (e.g., Industrial Revolution, Great Depression business cycle) and make connections to present day economy.
    • Describe the causes and consequences of mass migrations of people and analyze the significance of diversity in the social history of the United States.
    • Explain how the environment, economy and society can be affected by the availability, management, distribution, and consumption of resources.
    • Develop maps and flowcharts based on the analysis of movement (e.g., groups of people, commodities).
  • Guiding Questions
    • How do individuals and groups influence public policy?
    • How does the economy of one country affect the economy of another?
    • What are the political effects of one country’s exploration and expansion on other countries?
    • How has the movement of people impacted society?
    • How have people’s ideas affected social and political institutions over time?

Critical Content

Concepts

Interaction and Movement

 

 

Critical Content

Economic, political, and social impact of the movement of people

  • Motivators… plague, famine, religion, economic, natural disasters
  • Economic, political and social freedom
  • Contributions of diverse groups
  • Immigration legislation/laws

Economics of slavery and slave trade

  • European exploration of the Americas, Asia, and Africa
  • Colonial and early American economics

Formation of corporations

  • Antitrust laws
  • Formation of labor unions

Economic resources

  • Natural
  • Human
  • Capital

Economic concepts

  • Scarcity and choice
  • Supply and demand
  • Employment and Unemployment

Depression, Recession, Inflation

  • Productivity and wage
  • Profit/profitability
  • Incentives
  • Market clearing price
  • Gross Domestic Product-GDP

Production/Producers

  • Factors of production

Consumption/Consumers

  • Spending and Credit

Entrepreneurship

Government systems and policies

  • Imperialism
  • Capitalism
  • Socialism
  • Communism

Economic systems and concepts

  • Mixed market
  • Command markets

Taxes levied by various levels of government

Trade, trade laws, and partnerships

  • Tariffs/taxes
  • Exports/imports
  • Specialization

Patterns and distribution of resources and services

Demographic change & Regionalism

  • Rural
  • Urban
  • Suburban