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999 West Dundee Road
Wheeling, Illinois 60090

Phone: 847-537-8270

Superintendent: Dr. Michael Connolly

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School District 21 prides itself on its Professional Learning Community and its rich tradition of professional collaboration, high levels of professional development, and family-like atmosphere. If you see the opportunity to work with colleagues in making a difference in the lives of students and families in a truly diverse setting, School District 21 seeks your application.

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Fifth Grade

Our Growing Nation

Moving West

CONCEPTS

Perspective and Conflict

Power Standards

  • Analyze political ideas and actions taken by significant individuals in the past to explain the impact on society.
  • Explain the relationship among: economic choices, social lives, political systems, the environment.
  • Describe the ways in which the movement of people affects families and communities.
  • Describe the effects of significant inventions or technological innovations on society and the environment.
  • Given specific information, create maps and/or graphs, utilizing key elements.

 

Essential Understandings & Guiding Questions

 

Essential Understanding: Social and economic needs often lead to movement of groups of people.

Guiding Questions

  • How do social needs encourage people to relocate?
  • How do economic needs encourage people to relocate?
  • If needs and wants of people are not met, what do they do?

 

Essential Understanding: The movement of people may have a positive or negative impact on people and the environment.

Guiding Questions

  • How does the movement of people positively and negatively impact the environment?
  • How does the movement of people positively and negatively impact other people?
  • How does movement of people, goods, and ideas impact a region? (impact on new region as well as on original region, demographics)

 

Essential Understanding: Advances in technology may cause change.

Guiding Questions

  • What motivates individuals to think of new ways to do things?
  • How do inventions impact people?
  • How do inventions impact the interaction between groups of people?
  • How do technological advances impact economic and social systems?
  • What are the positive and negative results of advances in technology?
  • How do people’s ideas from the past impact the world today?
  • How has technology changed the movement of people, goods, and ideas?

 

CRITICAL CONTENT

 

Perspectives of people; Movement of people

  • Motivation for movement
  • Positive and negative impacts of movement
  • Pioneers’ experiences
  • Natives’ experiences
  • Technological advances (e.g. Transcontinental Railroad)

 

Major Events and People of Westward movement

  • Indian Removal Act
  • Trail of Tears
  • Thomas Jefferson & Louisiana Purchase
  • Lewis and Clark
  • Andrew Jackson

 

Economic change (inventions & entrepreneurship)

 

A Nation Divided

CONCEPTS

Perspective and Conflict

POWER STANDARDS

  • Analyze political ideas and actions taken by significant individuals in the past to explain the impact on society.
  • Explain the relationship among: economic choices, social lives, political systems, the environment.
  • Describe the ways in which the movement of people affects families and communities.
  • Describe the effects of significant inventions or technological innovations on society and the environment.
  • Given specific information, create maps and/or graphs, utilizing key elements.

ESSENTIAL UNDERSTANDINGS & GUIDING QUESTIONS

Essential Understanding: An individual’s experiences influence his/her beliefs and values.

Guiding Questions

  • How does geographical location influence beliefs and values?
  • How does an individual’s experiences influence their beliefs and values?
  • How does a person’s beliefs and values influence their actions?

 

Essential Understanding: Individuals’ roles and responsibilities evolve to meet challenges.

Guiding Questions

  • What is the relationship between roles and responsibilities?
  • How do challenges motivate people?
  • How do social, political, and economic experiences influence decision making?

 

Essential Understanding: Differing political, social, and economic perspectives lead to conflict and/or cooperation.

Guiding Questions

  • Why is it important to be aware of your own, and other people’s perspectives?
  • How do people’s experiences help to shape their perspectives on political, social, and economic issues?
  • How do differing perspectives impact decisions, events, or society as a whole?

CRITICAL CONTENT

Major events before, during, and after the Civil War

  • Compromise of 1850
  • Missouri Compromise
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Gettysburg Address
  • Emancipation Proclamation

Important people (Perspectives and Contributions)

  • Abolitionists
  • Abraham Lincoln

Economics of the Era

  • Slavery
  • Indentured servants
  • Cotton Gin
  • Industry vs. Farming

Social Issues

  • Roles and perspectives of different people
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Positive and negative influences of leadership

 

Growing and Changing

CONCEPTS

Perspective and Conflict

POWER STANDARDS

  • Analyze political ideas and actions taken by significant individuals in the past to explain the impact on society.
  • Explain the relationship among: economic choices, social lives, political systems, the environment.
  • Describe the effects of significant inventions or technological innovations on society and the environment.
  • Given specific information, create maps and/or graphs, utilizing key elements.

ESSENTIAL UNDERSTANDINGS & GUIDING QUESTIONS

Essential Understanding: Social and economic needs often lead to movement of groups of people.

Guiding Questions

  • How do social needs encourage people to relocate?
  • How do economic needs encourage people to relocate?
  • If needs and wants of people are not met, what do they do?

Essential Understanding: The movement of people may have a positive or negative impact on people and the environment.

Guiding Questions

  • How does the movement of people positively and negatively impact the environment?
  • How does the movement of people positively and negatively impact other people?
  • How does movement of people, goods, and ideas impact a region? (impact on new region as well as on original region, demographics)

Essential Understanding: Advances in technology may cause change.

Guiding Questions

  • What motivates individuals to think of new ways to do things?
  • How do inventions impact people?
  • How do inventions impact the interaction between groups of people?
  • How do technological advances impact economic and social systems?
  • What are the positive and negative results of advances in technology?
  • How do people’s ideas from the past impact the world today?
  • How has technology changed the movement of people, goods, and ideas?

CRITICAL CONTENT

Leadership/Positive and negative influences of individuals

  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Susan B. Anthony – Suffrage
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. – Civil Rights
  • Thomas Edison
  • Henry Ford
  • George Washington Carver
  • John Deere
  • Robert McCormick
  • John Muir – Conservation

Technological advances

  • Impact on economy
  • Shifting jobs/Service industry
  • Depression/Recession

Impact of government on people

  • Democracy
  • Dictatorship – Holocaust
  • Conflict – war