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999 West Dundee Road
Wheeling, Illinois 60090

Phone: 847-537-8270

Superintendent: Dr. Michael Connolly

School Board & Administration


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Kindergarten

Speaking & Listening

Content

Power Standards

  • Build on others’ talk in academic conversations by linking comments and questions to the key points and evidence provided by others. (SL.1.1b & RI 1.8)
  • Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly. (SL 1.4)

 

Power Standards Critical Content

In the language of instruction, students will…

  • Follow speaking and listening rules when in a discussion
  • Listen to the comments of others and share one’s own ideas
  • Ask and answer questions about key details of information presented in multiple ways
  • Identify the points an author makes in a text (e.g., Everyone should recycle)
  • Describe people, places, things, and events with details

 

Additional Critical Content

In the language of instruction, students will…

  • Ask questions about information that is not clear
  • Draw one’s ideas, thoughts, or feelings
  • Identify places in one’s work where one wants to add more detail
  • Speak audibly and express thoughts, ideas and feelings clearly

 

Concept-Based Connections

Essential Understandings

  • Effective listening and speaking skills are critical for communicating, collaborating, understanding and evaluating our world.
  • Presentation of knowledge and ideas is enhanced through appropriate use of organization, style and language for a specific audience using various media formats.

 

Factual Guiding Questions

  • What does it mean to collaborate?
  • Does working collaboratively with others improve one’s understanding of the topic?
  • What does listening look like?
  • How does one organize a presentation?
  • Making meaning from a variety of sources; what will help?
  • What are specific strategies one should use when one is speaking in front of a group?

 

Conceptual Guiding Questions

  • How does one determine if information is important?
  • Does asking and answering questions improve one’s comprehension?

 

Engaging/Debatable Guiding Questions

  • What is the best way to communicate to one’s audience?
  • Does it matter “what I say” and “how I say it”?

 

Language Considerations

Language General Transfer-Students must draw upon the following…

Common among all languages

  • Develop Oral Language
  • Match speech to print
  • Contextualized literacy instruction
  • Meaningful
  • Active
  • Comparative
  • Recurrent

 

Non-cognitive transfer

  • Attention
  • Listening
  • Concentration
  • Persistence
  • Task Completion

 

Self-esteem transfer

  • Being literate
  • Feeling capable
  • Possessing specific competencies
  • Achieving
  • Believing in one’s ability to learn

 

English language specific

  • Linear Deductive discourse pattern

 

Spanish language specific

  • Discourse pattern: Romance languages is development by digression
  • Distinguish between formal and informal style of speaking according to audience and purpose (TĂș vs. Usted)
  • Respect, honor and teach dialectical differences within culture and regions

 

English language development

  • Linear deductive discourse pattern
  • Visual support-context using pictures
  • Language scaffolding
  • Use home language to support English language development
  • Build upon background knowledge
  • Cross-linguistic transfer for reading and instruction
  • Meta-linguistic Awareness

 

Russian language specific

  • Distinguish between formal and informal style speaking according to audience and purpose (Pronoun-verb usage)

 

Polish language specific

  • Distinguish between formal and informal style speaking according to audience and purpose
  • Dialect differences

 

Assessments

Informal Assessments are used during the process of brainstorming, drafting, revision and editing or class discussions.

  • Anecdotal notes/documentation of the following in partner/small group/whole group discussions:
    • Listen to the comments of others and share one’s own ideas
    • Identify key information presented in different formats (e.g., text read aloud, oral presentation, video, audio book, website)
    • Ask and answer questions about key details of information presented in multiple ways
    • Ask and answer questions that help get information or make something clear
    • Explain why it is important to form one’s words clearly when speaking
    • Speak in a voice that others can hear and understand
    • Share one’s thoughts, ideas, and feelings clearly when speaking

 

Formal Assessments are used as a measure of student achievement towards mastery of a skill and Power Standard. Often a formal assessment will result in a grade.

  • Identify and follow the agreed upon rules for discussion
  • Create drawings or add visual displays (e.g., photos, collages, paintings) to add details to a presentation